Chinese Ceremic Culture

Chinese ceramics is one of the typical representatives of Chinese culture. During the Neolithic period, our ancestors began to make various household ceramics|stoneware (potteries) with wisdom and their skillful hands. After the invention of fire, utensils used for bailing water, cooking and storage were burned. Their designs were both practical and artistic. Different decorative techniques were developed, such as striping lines, cutting lines, imprinting lines, nailing lines, pricking lines, affixing, colored drawing, and hollowing out etc. In this way, ceramics (potteries) developed from household utensils into a brilliant art form in primitive society. The Yellow River valley is one of the culturally-developed areas during the Neolithic period. Until now, Yaoshao Culture, Majiayao Culture, Dawenkou Culture, and Longshan Culture have been discovered.
¬°¬°¬°¬°Gray pottery ( ceramic ) was the mainstream in the industry during the Xia, Shang and Zhou periods. The emergence of brownware pottery (ceramic) made a great contribution to the development of porcelain. Since then, pottery and porcelain developed into different branches. Using the pure white kaolin to make household utensils is one of the greatest inventions of our ancestors.
¬°¬°¬°¬°The first cultural upsurge (Shaanxi Terracotta Army) occurred between the Warring States Period and the Qin and Han dynasties. In Han dynasty, the colored-drawing pottery ( ceramic ) pot was created and in the late Eastern Han dynasty, celadon porcelain was burned, which made a tremendous contribution to the human material civilization. The celadon porcelain made from Yue kiln during the Three Kingdoms Periods had a plain design and simple decorative lines. The burning of white porcelain in the North dynasty was another major event in ceramic history. The white porcelain lotus petal pot was the basis for the later development of color-drawing porcelain, as well as the forerunner of the famous porcelains produced from Xing kiln and Ding kiln.
¬°¬°¬°¬°The Sui, Tang and Song dynasties are the key stages of Chinese ceramic development. In Tang dynasty, the techniques for producing celadon and white porcelains were mature and the underglaze decoration began to appear. The three-color pottery (ceramic) began to be produced in large quantity. The peak of our ceramic development occurred in the Song dynasty. Ceramics with the characteristics of the five famous kilns (Jun, Ru, Guan, Ge, Ding) enjoyed a high reputation.
¬°¬°¬°¬°Chinese artistic ceramic entered a new stage during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. The celadon porcelain of the Yuan dynasty in particular occupied a very important position in our porcelain history. In Ming dynasty, the porcelain production entered a golden stage featured with colored porcelains. The kilns in Jingdezhen were known to be the “production sites of all ceramics”. The exquisite ceramics produced there were the treasures of our nation and we are very proud of it. In Qing dynasty, ceramics were produced in many places and the output of Chinese ceramics was huge.
¬°¬°¬°¬°Since the late 19th century, especially after the Opium War, our domestic ceramic handicraft industry began to decline. In short, China has a history of ceramic production for 8000 years. During this period, our potters have been working with technical professionals to create many miracles of ceramic crafts, which were known extensively both home and abroad.
¬°¬°¬°¬°The ceramic culture is unique in that it not only reflects a broad picture of social life, nature, culture, customs, philosophy, ideas, but also reflects them in an extraordinary way. It is a three-dimensional national culture carrier, or a static cultural dance. Such features are decided by the characteristics of ceramics. Every piece of ceramic, regardless of theme or style, is like a musical note, beating and playing, composing the melody of ceramic culture. Some of the melodies are intense, some deep, some passionate, some sensible, some colorful, and some completely natural, constituting an unparalleled moving symphony of Chinese ceramic culture.
¬°¬°¬°¬°As one of the representatives of the Chinese culture, ceramic culture originated in, grew and developed with national culture. It embodies the emotions of its creator, carries the fragrance of mud, preserves the artistic images in the creator’s mind, reflects national culture, tells interesting stories one by one, represents a broad picture of social life, records the vicissitudes of the ordinary people, describes the developments and changes of our national mentality, spirits and characters, and advances with the joys and sorrows of the nation.
¬°¬°¬°¬°Consequently, the history of Chinese ceramics is a visual history of China, a visual history of Chinese national culture.(from ceramic|stoneware world)